How to Date Old Ancestor Photographs with Early Photo Types

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How to Identify an Old Tintype Photo

The photographs are all sizes. Some are obviously older photographs. Who are the individuals in the photographs? Are the individuals family members? Most likely, but if not, the photograph was obviously treasured to have been kept throughout the years. Who owned the photograph s before you?

The final ‘cased’ technology was the tintype. Tintypes were the first ‘cheap and quick’ photographs to be made and quickly superseded daguerreotypes and.

Although not exactly like pictures we encounter today, tintype photographs set the stage for photography in our era. Tintypes began in when an Ohio chemistry professor Hamilton Smith patented the tintype image. Before tintypes existed, the two main types of photographic images, the daguerreotype and the ambrotype, were created by treating glass with light sensitive collodin. The process to create these images was expensive and difficult.

When tintypes became available commercially, photographers were easily swayed by the durability, inexpensiveness, and easier emulsion process of the tintype which led to the downfall of images on glass. Tintype images are taken on iron plates which are treated with an enamel to prevent rusting. Earlier tintypes are noted to be treated with a black enamel while later ones were treated with a brown enamel.

DATE AN OLD PHOTOGRAPH

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Time period: Introduced in and popular until about But tintype photo studios were still around into the early s as a novelty. Identifying.

A tintype , also known as a melainotype or ferrotype , is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion. Tintypes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine art form in the 21st. Tintype portraits were at first usually made in a formal photographic studio, like daguerreotypes and other early types of photographs, but later they were most commonly made by photographers working in booths or the open air at fairs and carnivals , as well as by itinerant sidewalk photographers.

Because the lacquered iron support there is no actual tin used was resilient and did not need drying, a tintype could be developed and fixed and handed to the customer only a few minutes after the picture had been taken. The tintype photograph saw more uses and captured a wider variety of settings and subjects than any other photographic type. It was introduced while the daguerreotype was still popular, though its primary competition would have been the ambrotype.

The tintype saw the Civil War come and go, documenting the individual soldier and horrific battle scenes. It captured scenes from the Wild West, as it was easy to produce by itinerant photographers working out of covered wagons. It began losing artistic and commercial ground to higher quality albumen prints on paper in the mids, yet survived for well over another 40 years, living mostly as a carnival novelty. The tintype’s immediate predecessor, the ambrotype , was done by the same process of using a sheet of glass as the support.

The glass was either of a dark color or provided with a black backing so that, as with a tintype, the underexposed negative image in the emulsion appeared as a positive. Tintypes were sturdy and did not require mounting in a protective hard case like ambrotypes and daguerreotypes. There are two historic tintype processes: wet and dry. In the wet process, a collodion emulsion containing suspended silver halide crystals had to be formed on the plate just before it was exposed in the camera while still wet.

Developing skills for identifying vintage photos

New online vintage hat archive helps date old family photos. To be honest, I almost didn’t finish writing this blog post. Yesterday, I discovered an online tool to colourize my old family photos — and I have been distrac. Dating old photographs provides clues to identifying your ancestors in the old family photos.

Then, you get to the most interesting photographs – the tintypes, the cabinet cards, and the carte-de-visite (CDV) photographs. These are the.

He died aged in. The tintypes immediate predecessor the ambrotype was done by the same process of using a sheet of glass as the support. In a team led by Russell A. Della Portas advice was widely adopted by artists and since the th century portable versions of the camera obscura were commonly used first as a tent later as boxes. Until the th century the camera obscura was mainly used to study optics and astronomy especially to safely watch solar eclipses without damaging the eyes.

One of the first photographs scanned was a picture of Kirschs infant son Walden. The web has been a popular medium for storing and sharing photos ever since the first photograph was published on the web by Tim BernersLee in an image of the CERN house band Les Horribles Cernettes. Ambrotypes often exhibit some flaking of their black back coating cracking or detachment of the imagebearing emulsion layer or other deterioration but the image layer on a tintype has proven to be typically very durable.

Dating and Identifying Your Old Family Photographs

One of the most available, most misunderstood and certainly the most misidentified of all antiques are photographs. It would be difficult to find an antique dealer who has not at one time or another bought and sold 19th century photographs, yet, the average dealer would be hard pressed to correctly identify or date the different types of photographic images they routinely encounter. This exploded view of the anatomy of a photographic case shows the various levels of the image side of the case.

All images courtesy Dr. Anthony J. I bought my first 19th century photograph in on a farm in Pennsylvania, out of a barn that housed ducks and doubled as an antique shop.

date your old photographs. Below is a list of links to https://blog.​​ferrotype-tintype/.

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How to Date Your Old Photos

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19th Century Photo Types: A Breakdown to Help You Date Old Family Pictures plate holding the positive image to distinguish a tintype from an ambrotype.

Such cards usually have square corners. Men wore lounge suits with matching waistcoats by the middle of the decade. The photographs look like they are wearing heavy furnishing rather than dresses. The cardboard is thicker and old less flexible than a playing card and the printing on the date is typeset with clothing but usually one large word, and how a border, and the rest small and coloured inks may be used and a logo may appear.

These photo from the s. Some still show full length and a carpet in the early s. Norfolk jackets were popular as were more casual clothes. Ladies wore tight fitting jackets, high white collars or ruffs a brooch at the neck, lots of buttons in rows, tight fitting photos, odd little hats, fashion plain or curls usually pulled back. The date of the card is quite filled with print, with medals, famous photos, branches, and could be artistic. Studio furniture and chairs look as if from a fine country house.

Sleeves became wider until by the ‘leg of photo’ shape with sort of upstanding ‘wings’ on the shoulders.

The Science of Tintype Photography